Building shellfish reefs



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  • Troost, K. (2010). Causes and effects of a highly successful marine invasion: Case-study of the introduced Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas in continental NW European estuaries. Journal of Sea Research 64: 145-165.



  • Pacific oyster distribution, image: Molnar, Gamboa et al. 2008.
  • Pacific oyster, photo: IMARES
  • Established Pacific oyster reef in the Oosterschelde, photo: IMARES
  • Installation artificial oyster reef in the Oosterschelde, photo: IMARES